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John Purroy Mitchel

July 19, 1879 – July 6, 1918

John Purroy Mitchel, often called the “Boy Mayor” – he was 34 when elected – lived here while in office (1914-1917). His family emigrated from Spain to Venezuela and then to New York. Although a U.S. citizen, his grandfather served as the Venezuelan Consul to the U.S. for many years. A graduate of Fordham Preparatory School, Columbia University, and New York Law School, Mitchel was born in The Bronx. He was a staunch opponent of Tammany Hall. In 1909, after leading investigations into municipal corruption, he was elected President of the Board of Alderman, and then in 1913, was elected Mayor. He promoted professionalism in government, created the first zoning plan in the U.S., and appointed the first woman to head a major city agency. Filled with wartime fervor, his failed campaign for a second term was an appeal to militarism and nationalism. After his reelection bid failed, Mitchel enlisted in the Army Air Service during World War I, and died in a tragic training accident in Louisiana.

258 Riverside Drive, Manhattan
New York, NY 10025

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